There are 5 National Parks in Assam. Let’s have a look a look at all these Top 5 National Parks in Assam.
Kaziranga National Park:
Kaziranga is located between two districts in the Indian state of Assam—
Nagaon District and Golaghat District. It is approximately 40 Kms long and 25 Kms in breadth
Nagaon District and Golaghat District. It is approximately 40 Kms long and 25 Kms in breadth.
It is famous for the One Horned Rhino, the pride of Assam.
However, there are lots more things to explore by the tourists. There are around 35 mammalian species out of which 15 are threatened as per IUCN Red list. It is one of the most attractive tourist spot in Assam. It is also a paradise for Photographers as well. You will get to capture Pelicans, Ospreys, Fish Eagles, Kites, Kingfishers, Francolins, Black Giant Squirrel, Hoolok Gibon, Assamese Macaque, Hispid Hare, Indian Pangolin, Leopard, Tigers, Fishing Cats, Large Indian Civet, Sloth Bear, Asiatic Black Bear, European Otter, Yellow throated Marten which are very rare to find in other places.
Manas National Park:
Manas National Park has an area of 2837 Sq. Kms from Sankosh river in the west to Dhansiri river in the east. The core area is around of 498 Kms(approx). Manas is a beautiful place for tourists to visit during the winters.
The Mathanguri tourist place has a pristine atmosphere, the sound of flowing water away from hue and cry of daily life gives a pleasant feel to all the tourists. Manas will make you feel the real beauty of virgin Jungle. The Tea Garden nearby the park gives increases its beauty and gives it special feel.
Flora and Fauna:
Manas is a heaven for birder where there are more than 470 species of birds which are found. The mostly targeted species that the tourists want to see is Critically Endangered Bengal Florican.
It also offers 4 types of Hornbill(Great Hornbill, Wreathed Hornbill, Pied Hornbill and Rufous-necked Hornbill), Red Headed Trogons, Asian Paradise Flycatcher, Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher, Ruddy Kingfisher, Black-tailed Crake, Slender Billed Babbler, Marsh and Jerdon’s Babbler,
Long Tailed and Silver Breasted Broadbills, Swamp and Black Francolin, Malayan Night Heron, White Winged Wood Duck, Collared Falconet, Pelicans, Black Hooded Pitta, Blue Napped Pitta, Collared Scope Owl, Jerdon’s Baza, Black Baza Rufous-rumped and Bristled Grassbirds, Hodgson’s Bush-chat, Black Breasted Parrotbil and variety of foothills species.
The Pigmy Hog is found nowhere in this world except Manas National Park.
There are so many other animals as well such as Elephants, Bisons(Indian Gaurs), Royal Bengal Tigers, Leopards, Black Panthers, Clouded Leopard, One Horned Rhinos, Asiatic Water Buffaloes, Sloth Bears etc.
Orang National Park
Orang National Park ,also known as Rajiv Gandhi National park which is located in the Darrang and Sonitpur districts of the state of Assam. Total area of the park is about 78.81 sq. kilometers. It was established as a sanctuary in 1985 and was declared a National Park on 13 April 1999.. The National Park has now been renamed to Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park.
The park has a tourist attraction for its rich flora and fauna. The river flowing through the park gives it a pristine look and if you are a bit lucky then you get to see the glimpse of Royal Bengal Tiger nearby the river every now and then.
List of animals that are found here:
Pigmy Hog, Leopard, Royal Bengal Tiger, One Horned Rhino, Civet Cat, Sambar Deer, barking Deer, Elephant.
It has the highest density of Royal Bengal Tiger in the world. It is also a paradise for birders too. The list of some of the birds are
|Woodland Birds||Hooded Pittas, Wood Shrikes, Greater and lesser Yellownapes, Dollar Birds etc.|
|Grassland Birds||Slender Billed Babbler, Yellow Eyed Babbler, Chestnut Capped Babbler, Grassbird, Swamp Francolin, Black Francolins etc.|
The park also has the Critically Endangered Bengal Florican only after Manas National Park in Assam.
Dibru-Saikhowa National Park
Dibru Saikhowa National Park is a river island national park and one of the 19 biodiversity hotspots in the world. Dibru-Saikhowa National Park is located in the Tinsukia district of the state of Assam.
This was declared a wildlife Sanctuary in 1986 by the government of Assam by uniting two Reserves Dibru and Saikhowa. Dibru-Saikhowa wildlife Sanctuary was declared as a National park in 1999 which covers and area of around 340 sq. kilometres.
The forest type of Dibru-Saikhowa comprises of semi-evergreen forests, deciduous forests, swamp forests and patches of wet evergreen forests.
The National Park is famous for Ferral horses. However, a total 36 species of mammals and above 400 species of birds have so far been recorded there. A few of recorded mammals are:
Bears, Leopards, Tigers, Elephants, Small Indian Civet, Jungle Cat, Gangetic Dolphin, Slow Loris, Assamese Macague, Capped Langur, Hoolock Gibbon, Sambar and Barking Deer, Water Buffalo etc.
It is an identified Important Bird Area (IBA) having more than 382 species of Birds.
Some of which are Greater Crested Grebe, Black necked Stork, Large Whistling Teal, Grey leg Goose, Grey-headed Fishing Eagle, Griffon Vulture, Osprey, Crested Serpent Eagle, Spot Billed Pelican, White Winged Wood Duck, , Greater Spotted Eagle, Pied Hornbill, Baer’s Pochard, Marsh and Jerdon’s Babbler, Black Breasted Parrotbill, Yellow Eyed Babbler etc.
The Park is renowned for natural regeneration of Salix trees.
Nameri National Park
Nameri National Park is located in the foothills of the Eastern Himalayas in the Sonitpur district of the state of Assam. Total area of the park is about 137 sq. kilometers. The Reserve forest was declared as wildlife Sanctuary in 1985. Nameri wildlife Sanctuary was declared declared as National Park in the year of 1998. Nameri is a birder’s paradise with over 300 species of birds.
The most famous species that we can find in Nameri is White Winged Wood Duck, the state bird of Assam. A total of 315 avian species have been recorded there so far.
The park has a diverse floral wealth which is a significant part of its ecosystem. Some of the commonly found tree species include Dalbergia sisoo , Sterculia villosa , Bombax ceiba, Zizyphus jujuba, etc.
What can we expect from Nameri National Park?
The rich wildlife includes Tiger, Black bear, elephant, Leopard, Clouded Leopard, Indian Bison, Pangolin, Indian wild dog, deer, Civet Cat, Capped Langur, Jackals etc.
Here’s a list of some of the birds that we can find in the park: White winged wood duck, Great Pied Hornbill, Wreathed Hornbill, Rufous Necked Hornbill, Black Stork, Ibis Bill, Large Whistling Teal, King Vulture, Long Billed Ring Plover, Khaliz Pheasant, Hill Myna, Pin tailed green Pigeon, Himalayan pied Kingfisher, Three Toed kingfisher, Greater spotted Eagle, White ramped vulture, Long billed vulture, Black bellied Tern etc. This is one of the best out of the Top 5 National Parks in Assam for wetland birds.
It is a paradise for adventure lover. One can go for River Rafting through the Jia- Bhoroli passes and one can also get to experience the trekking here.
We are thankful to http://natureconservation.in for some factual datas.